People and Places
The first outgoing mail was sent to England on HMS Alexander on 13 July 1788. It included Governor Phillip’s despatch to the British government, private letters and letters from the French explorer La Perouse. La Perouse’s letters were regarded as the first mail ever “processed” on Australian shores and were the last official record of his expeditions. (see Australia Post)
Overview of Laperouse Museum history
PRINCE HENRY VILLAGE PLAN
PEOPLE OF LA PEROUSE HEADLAND
Biographies are added as they become available:
The material here has been sourced from the Randwick City Council website. Only South Ward suburbs are listed but a list of places in Randwick from all Wards is contained on the Council website:
Named after Francois de Galaup, Comte de laperouse, who sailed into Botany Bay on 26 January 1788. The Laperouse expedition stayed for about six weeks in the area and set up camp around Frenchman’s Bay. The Cable Station at La Perouse contains the Laperouse Museum and the nearby La Perouse Monument is the most historic French landmark on Australian soil. One of the Laperouse crew, Pere Receveur, is buried there and it is most likely that this was the site of the first Roman Catholic Mass in Australia. The altar stone is on exhibition in the Laperouse Museum.
- Bare Island,
First described by Captain Cook and a site where Sir Joseph Banks collected shells. The island was fortified in 1880-1885 but was never used for the purpose it was built because the materials used rendered the fort unsound. Because of the scandal it became the subject of the first Royal Commission of Inquiry in the Colony. In 1912 it became a World War 1 veterans’ home. About 1963, the island came under the control of the National Parks and Wildlife.
- Cape Banks,
Named after Sir Joseph Banks by Captain James Cook in 1770. Sir Joseph Banks was the naturalist on the Endeavour and employed, amongst others, the botanist Daniel Solander, botanical artist, Stanley Parkinson.
- Cruwee Cove,
Cruwee was a local Aborigine who reportedly saw the arrival of Captain Cook in 1770. He was still alive in the mid 1850s.
- Goonda Avenue,
Aboriginal word meaning dark, night, rain or cloud.
- Endeavour Avenue,
Street originally called Aborigine Avenue and Abbotts Street. Renamed after Captain Cook’s ship.
- Quambi Street
Became Anzac Parade, 14/06/1934.
The name dates from the 1780s but the area did not come into use until the smallpox epidemic of 1881-1882 when it was used as a quarantine area.
- Abbe Receveur Place,
Named after Louis Receveur, b. ? d.17/02/1788. Receveur was a Franciscan friar and scientist who sailed with Laperouse on his expedition to the Pacific 1785-1788. He died whilst at and is buried there.
- Bega Avenue,
Aboriginal word meaning “large camping ground.”
- Binda Crescent,
Aboriginal word meaning “deep water.”
- Alkoo Avenue,
Aboriginal word meaning “visitor.”
- Budd Avenue
Named after an early female resident of that name who lived there.
- Gipps Avenue,
Named after Sir George Gipps (1791-1847), 17th Governor of NSW 1838-1846. Gipps approved the plan for Coogee to be gazetted as a village.
- Dawes Avenue,
After Lieutenant William Dawes (1762-1836) who was on the First Fleet.
- Dwyer Avenue,
Matt Dwyer, Randwick Council alderman 1940s-1950s. Mayor of Randwick 1953. The street was dedicated in 1953.
- Goora Street,
Aboriginal word meaning “long” or “tall.”
- Grose Street,
Named after Francis Grose (1754-1814), 1st Lieutenant-Governor of NSW Commanded the colony for three years after Arthur Phillip’s departure.
- Marconi Place,
Named after Guglielmo Marconi (1874-1937), the Italian physicist who developed the wireless telegraph.
- Mirrabooka Crescent,
The Aboriginal word for the “Southern Cross” Constellation of five stars.
- Noora Avenue,
Aboriginal word meaning “camp.”
- Reservoir Street,
Water reservoir nearby.
- Nurla Avenue,
Aboriginal word meaning “plenty.”
Named in the 1960s after Captain Arthur Phillip, the first Governor of NSW
Sometimes referred to by the name of the adjacent Bay:
One source believes it was named after the Aboriginal name for grasstrees. It was probably named after the creek which flowed into Botany Bay between Frenchman’s and Yarra Bays. This creek appears on maps dated in the 1850s. Earlier maps also name the headland to which Bare Island is now attached as Yarra Point.
- Adina Avenue,
Originally part of a crown land subdivision. Adina is an Aboriginal word meaning “good.” The street was dedicated in 1953.
- Baragoola Avenue,
The Aboriginal word means “flood tide.” The Baragoola ferry was launched in 1922. It collided with and killed a whale on 28/08/1934. The ferry was converted to diesel-electric between 1958-1961.
- Baringa Avenue,
Aboriginal word meaning “light.”
- Canara Avenue,
Possibly named after MV Canara. Dedicated in 1953.
- Elaroo Avenue,
Aboriginal word meaning “day.” Dedicated in 1953.
- Goolagong Place,
Named after Evonne Cawley (nee Goolagong), (1951- ), Australian Aboriginal tennis player.
- Karoo Place,
Aboriginal word meaning “clouds.”
- Koorooera Avenue,
Aboriginal word meaning “camp.”
- Kooringai Avenue,
Aboriginal word meaning “home by the water.”
- Lindsay Street,
Constructed in 1953.
- Tasman Street,
Probably named after the Tasman Sea or Abel Tasman (c.1609-1659), a commander with the Dutch East India Co. who discovered New Zealand and Tasmania and also made the first charts of large sections of the Australian coast.
was named in 1964 after a former Prime Minister, Ben Chifley. Chifley is a modern subdivision but in 1825 one of Randwick’s earliest private houses was built there. Many of the street names are associated with Australian history.
- Forrest Street,
Sir John Forrest (1847-1918), explorer. Became first premier of Western Australia and later a minister in the federal government. Built in 1953.
- Bligh Street,
Named after the former governor of the NSW Colony, William Bligh (1754-1817) who is also the Bligh of the “Bounty” mutiny. The street was dedicated in 1953.
- Brisbane Street,
Sir Thomas Brisbane (1773-1860), governor of the colony 1821-1825. Dedicated in 1953.
- Broad Street
Became Anzac Pde, 20/04/1931.
- Burke Street,
Named after Robert O’Hara Burke (1821-1861), explorer. With William John Wills became the first Europeans to cross Australia from south to north. The street was dedicated in 1953.
- Caley Street,
Formerly known as Wills Street. Changed to Caley Street in 1940. George Caley (1770-1829), botanist was appointed Botanical collector in NSW (1800). Returned to England in 1810. Dedicated in 1953.
- Dampier Street,
William Dampier (c.1652-1715), early explorer of Australia’s west coast. Dedicated in 1953.
- Carnegie Circuit,
Named after the World War II USA warship, USS Carnegie. Dedicated in 1953.
- Eyre Street,
Edward John Eyre (1815-1901), explorer of south- western Australia. The street was dedicated in 1953. (312)
- Gibson Place,
Alfred Gibson, explorer. Young member of Ernest Giles 1874 expedition. Disappeared in 1874 when searching for water near Alfred and Marie Range.
- Giles Street,
Named after Ernest Giles (1835-1897), explorer. Dedicated in 1953.
- Hall Street,
Possible named after Charles Francis Hall (1821-1871),USA Arctic explorer.
- Hastings Avenue,
Most likely named after Hastings in England, site of Norman victory over the Saxons in 1066.
- Humes Street,
Named after Hamilton Hume (1797-1873), explorer. Dedicated in 1953.
- Kenny Avenue,
Named after Victoria Cross winner, Pte. Thomas James Bede Kenny who won the Cross at Hermies, France 09/04/1917.
- Lasseter Avenue,
Presumed to be named after Lance Harold Bell Lasseter (1880-1931?), Australian prospector who claimed a reef of gold existed in the vicinity of the Petermann and MacDonnell Ranges in the Northern Territory
- McKenzie Street,
Named in 1951.
- Macquarie Street,
Lachlan Macquarie (1762-1824), governor of NSW 1809-1822. Dedicated in 1953.
- Mawson Parade/Lane,
Sir Douglas Mawson (1882-1958), geologist and Antarctic explorer
- Melba Avenue,
Named after Dame Nellie Melba (1861-1931), opera singer.
- Mitchell Street,
Sir Thomas Mitchell (1792-1855), surveyor-general of the colony. Section of the road dedicated prior to 1943 with the whole road dedicated by 1953.
- Namatjira Place,
Albert Namatjira (1902-1959), Aboriginal artist.
- Warburton Street,
Named after Peter Egerton Warburton (1813-1889), explorer.
- Wassell Street,
From Franklin Street to Bunnerong Road known as Togo Road until 1942. Renamed after the local hardware business family of Wassell.
- Willis Avenue,
Named after William John Wills (1834-1861), explorer who, with Robert O’Hara Burke became the first European to cross Australia from south to north in 1860-1861.
Named after James Mario Matra (c.1745-1806), a midshipman on the Endeavour. Before that, the area was called Cross Roads.
- Amiens Crescent/Way,
Place in France which was the site of a battle during World War I.
- Anthony Lane/Street,
Part of a Gray and Mulroney subdivision. Named after George Gray’s eldest son Anthony.
- Armentieres Way,
Town in Northern France which was the site of battles during World War I.
- Australia Avenue,
Dedicated in 1937 and probably so named because of the 150th anniversary celebrations of white settlement in Australia.
- Baird Avenue/Lane,
Possibly named after Sir John Lawrence Baird, Viscount Stonehaven (1874-1941) who was Australian governor-general 1925-1930.
- Bapaume Parade,
French town where Anzacs were engaged in fighting during World War I.
- Beauchamp Road,
Originally named Old Botany Road. Renamed Beauchamp Road after William Lygon, Earl of Beauchamp (1872-1938), governor of NSW 1899-1901.
- Beaumetz Way,
French town not far from Bapaume, site of fighting during World War I.
- Blaxland Street,
Named after Gregory Blaxland (1788-1853) who, with William Lawson and William Charles Wentworth were first Europeans to discover a route across the Blue Mountains in 1813. The street was dedicated in 1953.
- Bullecourt Way,
French battlefield during World War I.
- Bumborah Point Road,
Aboriginal word meaning “wave running out to sea.”
- Bunnerong Road,
Formerly known as Botany Bay Old Road. Bunnerong is the Aboriginal word for “sleeping lizard.” See also Anzac Parade.
- Calga Avenue,
Aboriginal word meaning “star” or “stony ridge.”
- Cameron Street
Became Pitt Street, 12/09/1929.
- Charlotte Road,
Named after the First Fleet transport, the ‘Charlotte’.
- Clarence Street,
Named in 1958 after the Clarence river which was named after the Duke of Clarence (1765-1837), later to become William IV. (Nearby Namoi and Hunter Streets dedicated at the same time).
- Clisby Way,
Australian World War II fighter pilot, Lionel Clisby, killed in France 1940.
- Combles Parade,
Agricultural village in northern France which formed part of the battle line during World War I.
- Cunningham Street,
Allan Cunningham (1791-1839), British botanist and explorer with Oxley. (Other streets nearby are also named after explorers). Dedicated in 1953.
- Gainford Avenue,
Named after Judy Gainford, a former Miss Australia. The street was constructed about 1949.
- Daunt Avenue,
Formerly Togo Road (between Bunnerong Road and Combles Parade). Renamed in 1942 after a local sailor lost when HMAS Sydney was sunk in November of that year.
- Dive Street,
Named after the family Dive who operated Dive’s brickworks. Samuel Dive (1853-1918) was a pioneer of the district and A.E. Dive became a Randwick Council alderman c.1931-34. Named in September 1913. (See Council Minutes of 30/09-1931.) the street apparently named 22/09/1937.
- Finucane Crescent,
Brendan Finucane (1920-1942), Irish, famous RAF fighter pilot and air “ace” during World War II.
- Fishburn Road,
Name of the storeship that was part of the First Fleet.
- Flanders Avenue,
Region in Belgium which was the site of many battles during World War I.
- Flers Way,
A Private access way named by the Housing Commission in harmony with other Soldier Settlement street names which have World War I origins. Flers is in northern France.
- Flinders Street,
Named after Matthew Flinders (1774-1814), explorer and chartmaker. Was the first man to circumnavigate Australia. The street was dedicated in 1953.
- Friendship Road,
Transport ship with the First Fleet.
- Fromelles Way,
Place in France which was the site of fighting during World War I.
- Hamel Road,
Hamel, the name of a village near the Somme in northern France which was devastated in World War I.
- Hillary Parade,
Named after Sir Edmund Hillary (1919- ), the first man to conquer Mount Everest.
- Howell Avenue,
G. J. “Snowy” Howell received the V.C. for fighting in Bullecourt, France, 1917.
- Hunter Avenue,
Named in 1958 after the NSW river which was named after John Hunter (1737-1821), second governor of NSW (Clarence and Namoi Streets dedicated at the same time).
- Hurley Crescent,
Captain James Francis “Frank”; Hurley (1890-1962), famous photographer who went to Antarctica and was an official photographer to AIF during World War I.
- Kain Avenue,
Edgar “Cobber” Kain (1918-1940), a New Zealand fighter pilot in the R.A.F. who became an early war “ace.”
- Kelly Street/Lane,
Named after D. Kelly, a Randwick Council alderman 1908-1911
- Kemp Avenue,
Constructed around 1947.
- Knowles Avenue,
Formerly Togo Avenue. Name changed in 1943.
- Landy Street,
Named after John Landy (1930- ), Australian athlete.
- Lawson Street,
William Lawson (1774-1850), first to cross the Blue Mountains in 1813 with Blaxland and Wentworth. Dedicated in 1943.
- McCauley Street,
V. A. McCauley was a Randwick Council alderman c.1914-1917.
- Madang Way,
Province in northern Papua New Guinea associated with fighting during World War II.
- Meehan Street,
James Meehan (1774-1826), early colonial surveyor and explorer.
- Menin Street,
Place in Belgium, scene of fighting during World War I.
- Messines Crescent/Place,
Place in Belgium, scene of fighting 1914 and 1917.
- Military Road,
Named so because it is the access road to the gun emplacements at Bumborah Point.
- Milne Avenue,
Most likely named after Milne Bay where the 2nd AIF defeated the Japanese during World War II.
- Moona Avenue,
Aboriginal word meaning “plenty.”
- Murrabin Avenue,
Formerly called Ethel Avenue.
- Namoi Road,
Named in 1958 after the Namoi River in northern NSW It is an Aboriginal word “ngnamai” (or “nygamai”) which is applied to a species of acacia. (Clarence and Hunter Streets dedicated at the same time).
- Norfolk Lane/Parade,
Possibly named after the colonial built sloop used for exploration of Van Diemans Land and NSW coastlines by Bass and Flinders.
- O’Connell Avenue,
Named after former Randwick Council alderman for the South Ward during the 1940s, H. D. O’Connell.
- Oxley Street,
Named after John Oxley (1785-1828), surveyor and explorer.
- Paterson Street,
Probably named after William Paterson (1755-1810), lieutenant-governor of NSW
- Peronne Parade/Way,
A battlefield in France during World War I.
- Perry Street,
Possibly named after John A. I. Perry, a Randwick Council alderman during the 1890s and mayor in 1896-1897.
- Poulet Street,
- Pozieres Avenue,
Formerly known as Togo Road. Renamed after a WWI battlefield.
- Prince of Wales Drive,
Name of a transport ship with the First Fleet.
- Rabaul Parade/Way,
Port in New Britain associated with fighting during World War II.
- Romani Parade/Way,
Site of famous lighthorse victory in Palestine during World War I.
- Shirley Crescent,
First name of one of George Gray’s daughters. Gray was a local real estate agent who formed the partnership Gray and Mulroney.
- Solander Street,
Named after Daniel Carl Solander (1736-1782), Swedish botanist with Cook.
- Stewart Avenue,
Change from Little Togo Road in 1957.
- Torrens Street,
Named after one of the founders of Adelaide, Sir Robert Richard Torrens (1814-1884), instigator of the Torrens system of land title and premier of South Australia in 1857.
- Truscott Avenue,
Named after “Bluey” Truscott of the legendary wartime Kittyhawk 76 Squadron.
- Wilkes Avenue,
Charles Wilkes (1798-1877), American naval officer who led an expedition to the Antarctic between 1838-1842 but did not manage to land there.
Originally known as Brand or Long Bay. Renamed after the Burns Philip ship, the M.V. Malabar which was wrecked on the north side of Long Bay 2 April 1931.
- Adams Avenue,
Named after former Randwick Council Alderman, C.C. Adams. Adams was an alderman during the 1940s.
- Bay Parade,
Named after Long Bay.
- Bilga Crescent,
Aboriginal word meaning “bee’s nest.”
- Boora Point,
Boora was supposedly the Aboriginal name for Long Bay
- Byna Street,
Various Aboriginal meanings: possum; type of tree or cutting or cleft.
- Cromwell Park,
Dedicated in 1902 and extended eastwards in 1910. Named after Oliver Cromwell (see Cromwell Place).
- Cromwell Place,
Formerly Road. Changed to Cromwell Place in 1951. Named after Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658), English soldier, statesman and Lord Protector of the Commonwealth.
- Dacre Street/Lane,
Possibly named after Lord Hampton, 21st Baron Dacre, speaker in the English House of Commons or, the Dacre baronesy which had connections with Oliver Cromwell (Cromwell Street is nearby).
- Duri Street,
Aboriginal word meaning: to crawl or, snake crawling in grass.
- Eucla Crescent,
Aboriginal word: a point or the bluff, or, brightfire, (descriptive of planet Venus).
- Fisherman’s Road,
Access road to Yellow Rock, a popular spot with local fishermen, hence the name.
- Fox Street,
Named after Dr. George Fox, member of Fijian Legislative Council – a guest at Randwick’s Jubilee celebrations in 1909.
- Franklin Street,
Named after Sir John Franklin (1786-1847), English naval officer and Lieut. -Governor of Van Diemans Land 1836-1842. Sailed on the “Erebus” seeking the Northwest Passage and died when his ship was trapped in the ice.
- Gabee Place,
Aboriginal word meaning “water.”
- Herbert Street,
Possibly named after Herbert Dudley, prominent real estate agent in the area.
- Howe Street,
Named after George William Howe, owner of Yarra Bay Pleasure Grounds. Was an alderman with Randwick Council c.1890s-1910, serving one term as Mayor. Died in 1916 in his 69th year.
- Ireton Street,
Possible named after Henry Ireton (1611-1651), English soldier and son-in-law of Oliver Cromwell. (Cromwell Place is nearby).
- Lucas Avenue,
W. H. Lucas, a Randwick Council alderman in the 1950s and Mayor of Randwick 1957-1958.
- McGowen Avenue,
Sinclair Taylor McGowen (1855-1922), politician. Member of the ALP Was an MLA 1891-1917; MLC 1917-1922 including a spell as state premier 1910-1913.
- Nix Avenue,
A.L. Nix, Randwick Council alderman c.1948-1950.
- Raglan Street,
Probably named after Lord Herbert of Raglan Lord Chamberlain to Henry VIII. Other streets nearby have historic significance relating to the Tudor period.
- Prince Edward Street,
Named after Edward VIII when he was the Prince of Wales.
- Rubie Lane,
Named after J. Q. H. Rubie, a former Randwick Council alderman and Mayor of Randwick in 1943.
- Woli Place,
Aboriginal word meaning “native camp.”