Industry & Risk
Botany Bay Precinct Emergency Sub Plan (1/9/11) – Note that La Perouse and Phillip Bay are not included. Botany Bay Precinct Emergency Plan – leaflet for residents and workers.(July 2013) – La Perouse and Phillip Bay included.
USEPA Cumulative Risk Reduction – for communities with multiple stressors
Industry is regulated by the Environmental Protection Authority(EPA) under the Protection of the Environment Operations Act 1997(POEO Act) and Regulation of 2009. (Left: Figure 2. Cumulative Individual Risk Contours including Postulated Future Development from Port Botany Safety Study Overview Report NSW Department of Planning 1996).
Human Health impacts are ‘monitored’ by the Department of Health. For North Botany Bay the Health Service responsible is the Environmental Health Unit of South East Area Health. Professor Mark Ferson is Director of Public Health for South Eastern Sydney and Illawarra Health Service. The contact for the Unit is Mr Santo Cannata, Senior Environmental Health Officer & Business Coordinator (02) 9382 8333 Link to 2003 Report on M5Tunnel as example of work undertaken on Environmental Pollution where conclusion was: “In summary we have demonstrated that for a range of transits with the cabin open or closed during peak hour through the M5 East tunnels, motorists are unlikely to encounter air pollution that would lead to acute health impacts. We have demonstrated that the simple act of closing the vehicle cabin is an effective precautionary measure to reduce exposure to pollutants when using road tunnels.” Where it can be demonstrated that the health and also amenity of a population is being compromised this is referred to as Environmental Injustice (link to paper on Hunter Valley as example).
The AGENCY FOR TOXIC SUBSTANCES AND DISEASE REGISTRY – ATSDR – is the lead agency within the United States Public Health Service concerned with the effects of hazardous substances on human health. ATSDR is charged with assessing the presence and nature of health hazards at specific Superfund sites, as well as helping prevent or reduce further exposure and the illnesses that can result from such exposure. The following documents have been issued by the ATSDR and are useful for comparing with Australian material:
The Environment Protection Authority(EPA) issues environment protection licences to the owners or operators of various industrial premises under the Protection of the Environment Operations Act 1997 (POEO Act). Licence conditions relate to pollution prevention and monitoring, and cleaner production through recycling and reuse and the implementation of best practice. The relatively new Protection of the Environment Operations (General) Regulation 2009 improves the ability of DECC to achieve environmental objectives through the administration of licences and other regulatory instruments. The Regulation took effect on 30 June 2009.
The Department of Planning is responsible for Land Use planning (see link). In the 2001 Overview Report of the Botany/Randwick Industrial Complex they had this to say(page 21) about Community awareness and consultation:
‘1.There is a high degree of community concern over the level of public risk associated with the operations of the Botany/Randwick industrial area. There is a need to strengthen on-going community participation, liaison and communication associated with the implementation of community-right-to-know principles.
2.While some industrial developments in the Botany/Randwick complex have established community consultation mechanisms, there is generally a lack of interaction between industry and the public. There is a need for the establishment of more formalised Community Consultative Committees, through which industry can keep the local community informed regarding issues that may affect the public, and the community can voice any concerns it may have related to the impacts of the particular development. In some cases, it may be appropriate for a Community Consultative Committee to represent a group of related sites, rather than a single development.” (recommendations, page 24)
The National Pollutant Inventory (NPI) is an internet database that provides the community, industry and government with free information about the emissions of 93 substances in Australia. The NPI is implemented cooperatively by the Federal government, DECC and other state and territory governments.The NPI contains 10 years of emission data from industrial facilities and non- ‘industrial (diffuse) sources such as motor vehicle exhausts. Each year in NSW over 700 facilities from about 100 different industries report on their emissions. (See separate page for list of industries monitored by NPI in this region).
The EPA supervises the following sites (with links to EPA Licence) including 10 of the State’s 42 Major Hazard Facilities. These sites are also listed on the page titled Major Hazard Facilities -Vopak -2 sites at DP World Terminal, Qenos – 1 site on the Botany Industrial Park(BIP) and 1 at DP World Terminal, Orica – at the BIP, Solvay at Banksmeadow, United Initiators at Banksmeadow, Huntsman on the BIP, Elgas at DP World Terminal, Origin Energy at DP World Terminal. Other sites with links to their EPA licences are as follows – click on the name for the licence.
Note that under the POEO Act, Section 48.2
A person who is the occupier of any premises at which any such scheduled activity is carried on is guilty of an offence, unless the person is, at the time that activity is carried on, the holder of a licence that authorises that activity to be carried on at those premises.
* in the case of a corporation $250,000 and, in the case of a continuing offence, a further penalty of $120,000 for each day the offence continues, or
* in the case of an individual $120,000 and, in the case of a continuing offence, a further penalty of $60,000 for each day the offence continues.
The Airport is under Commonweath Control – Link to NO AIRCRAFT NOISE community group